[The picture above is a scene from the movie Jesus of Nazareth (1977) where Jesus (played by Robert Powell) is telling the Roman Centurion (played by Ernest Borgnine) that his servant is healed as he believed.]
by Chris L. Verschage
Critical thinking, logic, reason and faith are not opposites. This may surprise many people. There is a dominant misconception that to have faith in God is to deny critical thinking, logic and reason. And from the writings of many philosophers, we see this misconception perpetuated. For example,
Faith consists in believing when it is beyond the power of reason to believe. (Voltaire)
Faith: not wanting to know what is true. (Friedrich Nietzsche)
The way to see by Faith is to shut the Eye of Reason. (Benjamin Franklin)
We may define “faith” as the firm belief in something for which there is no evidence. Where there is evidence, no one speaks of “faith.” We do not speak of faith that two and two are four or that the earth is round. We only speak of faith when we wish to substitute emotion for evidence. (Bertrand Russell)
Faith is the great cop-out, the great excuse to evade the need to think and evaluate evidence. Faith is belief in spite of, even perhaps because of, the lack of evidence. (Richard Dawkins)
Many will argue that these men, including Richard Dawkins, are great geniuses, and they are experts in their fields of study, but not when it comes to understanding biblical faith. As we will see in this study, these quotes demonstrate a poor perception of faith as it is presented and discussed within the Bible. But not do only philosophers, scientists, and the general public have a poor concept of biblical faith, but the unfortunate truth is that many Christians past and present have also been equally mistaken about it as well. For example, there are many churches that have placed on their signs in their front yard, “Reason is the greatest enemy that faith has.” One would like to think that Christians, at least, would have a clear concept of biblical faith, but the evidence, unfortunately, does not support that conclusion. To illustrate this further, I’d like to use an experience I had in one of my college classes.
A Disturbing Discussion
I had just responded to student’s statement when a huge gasp was heard across the room. You would’ve thought that I had just committed a heinous sin in front of everyone, rather than just question a belief statement made by a student in one of my English Composition courses. I wanted to know upon what evidence she was basing her statement.
“You can’t question her beliefs,” I was told by several students.
“Why not?” I asked. “Why can’t I question them?” The look on their faces told me that they thought I had apparently lost my mind, because certainly someone of my age should know better than to do something like this.
One of the students responded, “Faith is believing in something where there is no reason or evidence for it. If there was evidence, then it wouldn’t be faith.” The rest of the class then nodded in agreement.
One can easily see that this student is perpetuating the historical misperception of biblical faith. When I pressed the issue further to see where they had learned this definition of “faith,” many of them said, “At church.” I was surprised. Why? Because this is not the view of faith taught by the Bible. Consequently, then, there are churches today teaching their own definition of faith, rather than how the Bible defines and uses the term. So in this article, I want to build on our discussion of critical thinking (see “What is “Critical Thinking”? And Can We Do THAT In Church?”) by examining the relationship between critical thinking and faith. But before we can do that, we need to have a clear idea of what biblical faith is, so I’m going to define it by negation, first telling what it is not (here in part 1) and then what it is (part 2).
What “Biblical Faith” is NOT
Biblical faith is not what the world or American culture says that it is, it is not “blind” nor is it a “blind leap in the dark,” nor is it based on the absence of critical thinking, logic or reason. In fact, it is the opposite of how it is usually described in American culture in both the Hebrew and the Greek. So let’s begin this study by defining what biblical faith is NOT.
Biblical Faith is NOT merely the mental or verbal agreement or acknowledgment of a belief, a particular doctrine, or a set of doctrinal statements.
This might be the first step towards biblical faith, but this is not what the Bible means by the word “faith.” For example, James writes, “You believe that God is one; You do well: the demons also believe, and shudder” (James 2:19, NASB).
I’ve heard people say, “Well, I believe there is a God,” and think that is all that is needed to get them into heaven, but James writes here that “the demons also believe.” You see, merely acknowledging that there is a God is not enough. Satan and every demon under his authority believe that there’s a God, and they’re still going to Hell. People think Hell is where Satan rules, but that’s not true. The Bible calls him “the prince of the power of the air” (Ephesians 2:2), as well as “the prince of this world” (John 12:31; 14:30; 16:11). Satan does not want to go to Hell any more than anyone else does; he just wants to make sure he takes as many people with him as he can. In fact, I’ll go one step further, Satan and his demons don’t just believe there’s a God, they know for certain that there’s a God because they’re continually seeking to mess up what He does. So, no, mental acknowledgment is not enough.
Biblical Faith is NOT merely Calling Yeshua/Jesus “Lord” and Doing Good Works.
There are people who think that biblical faith is all about calling Yeshua/Jesus “Lord” and then doing good works; however, in His renowned sermon, “The Sermon on the Mount,” Yeshua/Jesus makes it quite clear to the crowd following Him that there is more to faith in Him than that:
Not everyone who says to Me, ‘Lord, Lord, will enter the kingdom of heaven; but he who does the will of My Father who is in heaven. Many will say to Me in that day, Lord, Lord, have we not prophesied in Your name? and in Your name have cast out demons? And in Your name done many wonderful [miraculous] works? And then I will profess [say] to them, I never knew you: depart from Me, you workers of iniquity. (Matthew 7:21-23, NASB)
I remember the first time I realized what Yeshua/Jesus is saying here, and it shook me up because I knew that up until that point, I had been one of these people that He is addressing in this scene. And if not for His love and grace, and the Spirit who revealed the truth of this passage to me, I would have been standing there among them in the future. What I learned from this passage is that Yeshua/Jesus is pointing out the following important truths to the crowd:
Merely calling Yeshua/Jesus “Lord” is not enough to get you into the Kingdom; He must actually be your Lord. To call Yeshua/Jesus “Lord” is where your journey with Him begins, it is not the full extent of what it means to have “faith” in Him. To call Him “Lord” is to say that He’s your “Master” or “Owner.” But you must not just say it, you must live in submission to His Lordship or “Ownership.” This is what it means to give your life to Him, you are giving Him the control and ownership of your life. It is no longer your life, but His. For example, I am shocked when I hear a Christian say,
It’s my life, I’ll do what I want with it.
When Christians utter such statements, it is clear that they have no clue what it means to call Yeshua/Jesus “Lord.” To call Him “Lord,” means, for example, if He asks you to speak to someone, you do it, or if He asks you to give someone money or something you own to help them out, you do it, or if He asks you to give up your job, your home, and all that you own to follow Him into another country, like He did my wife and I, you do it. Even if He asks you to sacrifice your life as a martyr for His glory, you do it. Once you have made Him the Lord of your life, it is no longer your life, but His. You are now the steward (manager) of your life, but He is the owner. We can see this idea repeated in different ways in the New Testament:
Do you not know that your body is a sanctuary of the Holy Spirit who is in you, whom you have from God? YOU ARE NOT YOUR OWN, for you were bought with a price; therefore glorify God in your body. (I Corinthians 6:19-20; emphasis mine)
You were bought at a price;… (I Corinthians 7:23)
But there were also false prophets among the people, just as there will be false teachers among you. They will secretly bring in destructive heresies, even DENYING THE MASTER WHO BOUGHT THEM, and will bring swift destruction on themselves. Many will follow their unrestrained ways, and because of them the way of truth will be blasphemed. In their greed they will exploit you with deceptive words. Their condemnation, pronounced long ago, is not idle, and their destruction does not sleep. (2 Peter 2:1-3; emphasis mine)
In all three of these references, we can see the same repeated idea: we have been bought with a price and, therefore, if we have made Yeshua/Jesus the Lord of our lives, we do not own ourselves any longer, but we now belong to God and to the Messiah Yeshua/Jesus. Consequently, we cannot live any way that we choose, but we must die to self daily, sanctify ourselves in cooperation with the Holy Spirit, and we must live in a way that’s pleasing to God and in accordance with His Word.
I am crucified with Christ [Messiah]; nevertheless, I live, yet not I, but Christ [Messiah] lives in me, and the life that I now live, I live by the faith of the Son of God, who loved me and gave Himself for me. (Galatians 2:2)
Obviously, if “I am crucified with Christ [or Messiah],” then this life no longer belongs to me; in fact, Paul writes, “yet not I, but Christ [Messiah] lives in me.” My life, Paul is saying here, is no longer mine. I don’t own it anymore. I don’t have the right to determine what happens to it. It has a new owner, Messiah. It now belongs to Him. I now go or do where He wants me to go or do. In fact, in Luke 6:46, Yeshua/Jesus even asks, “Why do you call Me ‘Lord, Lord,’ and do not do what I say?” If Yeshua/Jesus is your “Lord” (Master/Owner), then submission and obedience to His authority in your life should be clearly evident. In fact, Yeshua/Jesus is the supreme model of one who lays down His life (His wants, needs, interests) to follow God’s plan for His life:
When you [the religious leaders] have lifted up the Son of man, then shall you know that I am He [the Messiah], and that I do nothing of Myself; but as My Father has taught Me, I speak these things. And He that sent Me is with Me; the Father has not left Me alone; for I do always those things that please Him. (John 8:28-29)
Just as Yeshua/Jesus laid down His life, we are to lay down our lives daily, and just as He always did what was pleasing to His Father, we are to live our lives seeking to please Yeshua/Jesus and His Father in everything that we do. To be His disciples means to live and imitate Him in how we live our own lives. (NOTE: the use of “man,” “he,” and “him” are used in the generic sense.)
If any man will come after Me [or be My disciple], let him deny himself, and take up his cross, and follow Me. For whosoever will save his life shall lose it: and whosoever will lose his life for My sake shall find it. (Matthew 16:24-25)
He that has My commandments, and keeps them, he it is that loves Me; and he that loves Me shall be loved of My Father, and I will love him, and will manifest Myself to him. (John 14:21)
If a man loves Me, he will keep My words: and My Father will love him, and we will come unto him, and make our abode with him. He who loves Me not keeps not My sayings: and the word which you hear is not Mine, but the Father’s which sent Me. (John 14:23-24)
As the Father has loved Me, I have also loved you. Remain [or continue] in My love. If you keep My commands you will remain in My love, just as I have kept My Father’s commands and remain in His love. I have spoken these things to you so that My joy may be in you and your joy may be complete. (John 15:9-11)
Notice, there is much more to salvation than simply saying “Yeshua” (or “Jesus is My Lord.” There is an expected lifestyle standard that Yeshua/Jesus expects of all those that claim to be His disciples. He expects His disciples to lovingly obey His teachings, not just to call Him “Lord” once or twice a week and then go off and live life the way that person wants without any regard to Yeshua/Jesus at all.
Some may say, “This is just your opinion.” However, it is not. The Lord has spoken to us through my wife, and He has made His view extremely clear:
Trust Me, says God, and know that all things will work out for Good to those who seek Me, My Torah, and has My words, says God Almighty, because My words, My Torah, are One and the same. You take away My Torah, My Holy Scriptures, you have taken Me away. You cannot pick and choose what you want to believe. All of My words are yes and amen. Not one of them is better than the next. They all, I say, have an importance to them. I say, Do not take anything from the beginning or the middle away, it is all valid and important for you today, My children. The Old Testament is just as valid as the Newer Testament.
How can a people who say they have read My Word from beginning to end, say with all honesty, that they can believe all this hogwash that people have told them concerning My words. How stupid. Even a baby can understand better than all of you “more learned and sophisticated ones” that think you have Me and My Father all figured out. You blaspheme My Holy Name every time you tell My children who are seeking Me and My Father lies about Me, God, changing My plans after My death and resurrection, NOT SO. (“Torah & the Spirit: What God Wants for His Children”)
What is the lie? That some part (usually “God’s law”) or even the whole Old Testament is no longer valid for believers today. Yeshua/Jesus did not die to do away with the law of God, but the law of sin and death. Consequently, the teaching that God’s law ended at the cross is a horrendous error and deception that Christianity has perpetuated throughout the centuries. God’s law was never given to “save” us, but to provide God’s expected standard of how “saved people” should live their lives. Did you also note that in John 15:9-11, Yeshua/Jesus Himself teaches that the way we stay in His love is by our loving obedience to His commands (or teachings), yet I have never heard one minister ever teach this. You see, Yeshua/ Jesus is our example. Just as He remained in His Father’s love through His loving obedience to His Father, so we will remain in Messiah’s love by our loving obedience to all that He taught.
- Doing miraculous things for God is not enough to get you into the kingdom. Secondly, Yeshua/Jesus also notes in His teaching, known as “The Sermon on the Mount,” that these same people who are calling Him “Lord” are prophesying, casting out demons, and doing many miraculous works in His name, and yet He still says to them, “depart from Me, you workers of iniquity” (Matthew 7:21-23). The problem is not what they are doing, it is that they don’t have a relationship with Yeshua/Jesus, or as He says, “I never knew you.” It’s not that He didn’t know about them, the word “knew” here is in reference to an intimate relationship. There wasn’t one between Him and these people. And what’s mind-boggling to me is that even though they do not have an intimate relationship with Yeshua/Jesus, they are still able to do these things. And in the Greek, this is even more mind-boggling.
Many will say to Me in that day, Lord, Lord, have we not prophesied [declared truths through the inspiration of the Holy Spirit] in thy name [or delegated power and authority]? and in thy name [delegated power and authority] cast out devils? And in thy name [delegated power and authority] done many wonderful works? (Matthew 7:22, explanations mine)
Notice these people are doing these things through His delegated power and authority and even through the inspiration of the Holy Spirit, and yet, they really do not have an ongoing intimate relationship with Him. They may have started out well, but then somewhere along the line, that relationship was lost.
And what we need to realize is that God may choose to use someone who does not have a good relationship with Him in order to bless His people who are there in the congregation or to bring others into an intimate relationship with Him. The person’s ability to prophesy, cast out devils, and do other miraculous acts is not evidence that this person has a good relationship with God himself (or herself). There have been several modern examples of ministers who God used to minister to others, even though the minister himself (or herself) was living in sin. Of course, the problem here is that most people make the false assumption that when they see these miraculous things happen, it automatically proves that this person is in a good relationship with God. Obviously, then, these things are not evidence in of themselves. Instead, when these things happen, what we should understand by them is that they are proof or evidence for the existence of God and His continuing rule and reign, and for His continuing mercy and grace to heal and deliver people today.
Biblical Faith is NOT “a Divine Force”
When I first heard this taught, it reminded me of the movie Star Wars, and the line, “May the force be with you.” Obviously, those who teach this are confusing “faith” with the Holy Spirit. It is not “faith” that makes things happen, but the Spirit of God; when we have faith in God, God then responds to our faith. Let me give an example from the Gospels. In Matthew 12, Yeshua/Jesus has just healed a blind and mute man by casting out a blind and mute spirit (or demon), something that the sages and Pharisees taught that only the Messiah could do when He came.
Then was brought unto him one possessed with a devil, blind, and dumb: and he healed him, insomuch that the blind and dumb both spake and saw. And all the people were amazed, and said, Is not this the son of David? (Matthew 12:22-23)
The crowds had been listening to the sages and Pharisees in their teaching of the Scriptures. They saw the miracle and remembered the teachings they had received in the synagogue, and they came to the logical conclusion based on those teachings that Yeshua/Jesus must be the long-awaited promised Messiah, “the son of David.” However, rather than the religious leaders maintaining their own teaching and admitting that Yeshua/Jesus had, in fact, fulfilled this Messianic expectation, they accused Him of healing by the power of “Beelzebub, the prince of the devils (or demons):”
But when the Pharisees heard it, they said, This fellow does not cast out devils, but by Beelzebub, the prince of the devils [demons]. (Matthew 12:24)
Their response was completely illogical since it violated what they themselves had long taught. However, their hatred of Yeshua/Jesus and His teachings completely blinded them to the truth and their use of logic and reason. Now am I saying that all Jews are filled with hatred and are blind to Yeshua/Jesus? No, I am not. We must remember that Yeshua/Jesus Himself is a Jew, His family is Jewish, His early disciples were Jewish, the Apostle Paul is Jewish, and those from the crowds that believed in Him were Jewish. We must also remember that there are many Jews today who have put their faith and trust in Yeshua/Jesus as their Lord and Messiah. It is also important to remember that the Jews are God’s covenant people, and just like in the first century, C.E., there are those that have believed, and there are those that have not.
However, in Yeshua’s/Jesus’ response to their irrational accusation, He uses logic and reason to demonstrate the truth of what had just happened:
Every kingdom divided against itself is brought to desolation; and every city and house divided against itself shall not stand. And if Satan cast out Satan, he is divided against himself; how then shall his kingdom stand? And if I by Beelzebub cast out devils, by whom do your children [disciples] cast them out? therefore they shall be your judges. But if I cast out devils by the Spirit of God, then the kingdom of God is come unto you. (Matthew 12:25-28; emphasis mine)
Notice the Scriptures make it clear that it was not by “the force of faith” that Yeshua/Jesus cast out this blind and mute devil (spirit), but “by the Spirit of God.” Yeshua/Jesus had faith in God His Father to deliver the man (John 5:19-20; John 10:25, 32, 37; John 14:10-11), His faith was there in the situation, but His faith was not some “force,” like you hear some evangelists and ministers teach today, that delivered the man from the blind and mute demon, but it was “the Spirit of God” that cast it out (Acts 10:38). God responded to Yeshua’s/Jesus’ faith and by His Spirit, He drove out the demonic spirit and brought healing to the man. And the same is true when people are healed today. Our faith is not some “force” that heals and delivers us, or makes things miraculously happen, but it is God responding to our faith in Him, and it is He who heals and delivers and performs the miraculous.
So What Faith is NOT
In conclusion, then, we can see that —
- Biblical Faith is NOT merely the mental or verbal agreement or acknowledgment of a belief, a particular doctrine, or a set of doctrinal statements;
- Biblical Faith is NOT merely Calling Yeshua/Jesus “Lord” and Doing Good Works; and
- Biblical Faith is not “a Divine Force”
So if these are not accurate descriptions of biblical faith, what is it? In the next part of this two-part series, we will explore what faith is, according to the Bible. Some may be surprised to discover that God does make use of critical thinking and logical reasoning. The difference, of course, is that it is His logic and reasoning, as opposed to humanity’s. For as the Scriptures teach,
“For My thoughts are not your thoughts, Nor are your ways My ways,” declares the LORD. “For as the heavens are higher than the earth, So are My ways higher than your ways and My thoughts than your thoughts.” (Isaiah 55:8-9)
Although we will never understand God completely, this does not mean we cannot grasp at least some of His use of logic and reasoning evident within the Scriptures (as we will see in part 2 of this series).